When remodeling, renovating or constructing a property from the ground up, you’ve to work with different types of building materials. However, before using them, research a little about their characteristics, longevity and latest rates to make an informed choice.
Moreover, this practice could help you save resources and reduce the overall cost of your construction project. Also, it’s better to go for the most popular construction materials in Pakistan because they may be cheaper and widely available.
Wondering what types of building materials are commonly used in the country? This blog has all the information you are looking for, so make sure to read it through.
POPULAR BUILDING MATERIALS USED IN PAKISTAN
Here’s a list of some natural and synthetic construction materials used in Pakistan.
Cement is the most commonly used construction material in Pakistan. It is used for structural purposes and serves as a binding agent for other building materials. Cement is available in a variety of types among which the most popular ones are listed below
- Natural Cement
- Blast Furnace Cement
- Portland Cement
- Quick Setting Cement
- Coloured Cement
- Rapid Hardening Cement
- Sulphate Resisting Cement (SRC)
- White Portland Cement
- High Alumina Cement
All these types of cement are categorised according to their characteristics and purposes. The climatic condition of the region is an important factor to consider when selecting a particular type of cement.
Latest Cement Price in Pakistan: Starting at 1,040 per 50 KG Bag
When mixed with soil, sand helps to lay strong foundations for buildings of different shapes and sizes. It is also used in mortar, which is a mixture of water, cement and sand. Moreover, it’s a highly important material used in the making of concrete.
Sand needs to be free from alkaline salt, which could damage the masonry work in a building. The composition of sand in the region of Southern Punjab contains sulphate ions, which makes it inappropriate for construction. Sulphate ions may cause damage beyond repairs to the concrete and mortar used in construction, so avoid using it.
Wondering where to find the best sand in Pakistan? Well, the white-grey sand fetched from the Ravi and Chenab regions in upper Punjab is mostly preferred for construction.
Latest Sand Price in Pakistan: PKR 58 per cubic foot
One of the most common types of building materials in Pakistan is steel. It is used to make the structural framework of buildings. Steel reinforcement bars, shortened as rebars, are used for supporting concrete structures under tension to increase their shelf life.
As we stated, steel is mostly used in a structural framework in buildings, such as pillar, beam and roof constructions. In order to prevent our structural foundations from getting rusted, we use stainless steel, which usually contains chromium content to some extent in it.
Quick Fact: Steel rebars are called Saria in Urdu. The building material is widely popular by this local name in Pakistan.
Latest Saria Rate Per KG in Pakistan: PKR 205 per KG and PKR 205,000 per metric ton
Concrete is a mixture of gravel/lime, cement and water. Due to its formidability and longevity, concrete is among the most popular building materials used in Pakistan. However, owing to the low tensile strength, steel rods and bars are added to create a reinforced structure.
Below are the different types of concrete used for laying the foundation and structuring a building.
- Plain Cement Concrete (PCC)
- Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC)
- Reinforced Brick Concrete (RBC)
- Prestressed Concrete
- Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC)
- Lime Concrete
- Cement Concrete
- Sulphur Infiltrated Concrete
- High Early Strength Concrete
- Polymer Concrete
- Waterproof Concrete
Made from a mixture of silicate and brittle sand, glass is a construction material mainly used for finishing purposes. Boasting unique physical characteristics, it has a wide range of architectural applications. Nowadays, glass is also used for making windows, doors, and partitions. Available in a variety of forms, glass can transmit, absorb or refract light. These characteristics are significant in terms of uplifting a structure’s aesthetic appeal.
Latest Glass Price in Pakistan (Clear untempered glass): Starting at PKR 480 per 12 mm
Wood is also among the most popular construction materials used in Pakistan. It is hygroscopic in nature and can absorb moisture in the air to maintain a pleasant environment indoors. In Pakistan, wood is used to construct walls, doors and windows. Moreover, it is also used for roofing purposes in certain regions, mostly in northern areas of the country.
Hardwoods like oak, maple, decoder, mahogany, and teak are typically used to construct ceilings, walls, and floors. On the other hand, softwoods like hickory, ash, beech, birch, pine, and cedar are used in doors and windows.
Latest Wood Prices in Pakistan:
|Type of Wood||Rate (Per Cft)|
|Ash Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 10,500|
|Diyar Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 8,500|
|Kail Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 4,000|
|Kikar Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 2,000|
|Mahogany Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 8,500|
|Oud Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 7,500|
|Teak Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 21,000|
|Yellow Pine Wood Price in Pakistan||PKR 6,000|
Brick is one of the most common types of building materials used in Pakistan. It is made from clay, which generally consists of silica and alumina mixed with magnesia and iron in varying amounts. The component is used in making walls, pavements and other types of masonry constructions.
One of the key reasons behind the popularity of brick as a construction material is that it is purely inorganic and absorbs humidity better than all the other types of materials. It also minimizes the risk of dust mites and mildew in a building.
Latest Bricks Price in Pakistan: PKR 15 per piece
In order to give a structure more power and strength to withstand the toughest of conditions, the use of stone in the base structure is usually recommended by experts. Stone is more durable than any other construction material. Its usage as a construction material dates back to ancient history. The pyramids of Giza and historic Roman landmarks in Europe are still standing tall to date.
Popular types of natural stone used as building materials in Pakistan are granite, limestone, and marble. They not only ensure the permanency of a structure but can also be used to decorate floors and walls. These natural forms of stone are also used in making tiles and blocks.
Latest Marble Price in Pakistan: PKR 40-65 per square foot.