10 Historical Places in Pakistan You Didn’t Know Existed

Pakistan is a country with a rich and diverse history, and it’s full of hidden gems that have gone largely unnoticed by the rest of the world. From ancient tombs to ancient fortresses, Pakistan has some incredible historical places that many people don’t know about. In this blog post, we’ll be exploring 10 of these lesser-known historical places in Pakistan. We’ll take a look at the unique history and significance of each of these places, and you’ll be amazed at what you discover! So, let’s get started and learn about these fascinating historical places in Pakistan.

1) Taxila

Taxila, an ancient city located near the modern city of Islamabad in Pakistan, has a long and rich history. It was one of the earliest cities to be established in the region and has a very significant place in both Hindu and Buddhist histories.
Taxila is said to have been founded in the 7th century BC by the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great conquered the city and later left it to his general Ptolemy to govern. Taxila was also part of the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century BC when Ashoka the Great built many stupas and monasteries in the area.
Taxila was home to many renowned universities and educational institutions such as Takshashila, Nalanda and Vikramashila. It also served as a major centre of trade, culture and religion for centuries. Taxila remained an important centre of learning until the 12th century AD when the Ghaznavid dynasty sacked the city.
Today, Taxila is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most important archaeological sites in Pakistan. The ruins of many stupas, monasteries and ancient cities can still be seen here, making it a great place to explore for those interested in history and archaeology.

2) Mohenjo-Daro

Mohenjo-Daro, located in the province of Sindh in Pakistan, is one of the most significant archaeological sites in the world. It was discovered in 1922 by a British archaeologist and was subsequently excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India during the 1920s. Mohenjo-Daro dates back to 2600 BCE and was the largest city of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.
The ruins of Mohenjo-Daro provide an incredible insight into the lives of its ancient inhabitants. The ruins consist of a large citadel surrounded by an urban grid consisting of several blocks, as well as granaries, baths, and temples. In addition, archaeologists have uncovered a wealth of artefacts including pottery, tools, jewellery, and seals with inscriptions written in a previously unknown script.
Although the exact purpose of the city remains uncertain, it is believed to have been an important trading centre and a major cultural hub for an ancient civilization. Mohenjo-Daro is an incredibly important site for those interested in exploring the history of the region and provides a unique window into the ancient world.

3) Harappa

If you’re looking to explore some of the most interesting and ancient historical places in Pakistan, Harappa is a must-see. This archaeological site, located on the banks of the Ravi River in Punjab province, was once the largest city of the Indus Valley Civilization. This civilization flourished between the 23rd and 18th centuries BCE, making it one of the oldest settlements in South Asia.
The archaeological site is known for its wealth of artefacts, including beads, tools, pottery, and other objects. It is also famous for its well-preserved ruins and citadel, which offer a glimpse into what life was like during the time of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Harappa has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, making it a popular tourist destination. Visitors can explore the ruins, learn about the culture of the region, and get an up-close look at the artefacts left behind by this ancient civilization. For those who are particularly interested in history, Harappa offers a unique opportunity to explore the origins of one of the world’s most ancient civilizations.

4) Kot Diji

Kot Diji is one of the most important historical sites in Pakistan and is located in the Sindh province. The archaeological site is believed to have been occupied since 3000 BCE, making it one of the oldest known settlements in the region. It is thought to have been a fortified city and was home to a Harappan civilization which flourished between 2500-1700 BCE. Excavations conducted at the site suggest that this civilization was highly advanced, with sophisticated urban planning and impressive architecture.
The ancient city of Kot Diji was surrounded by protective walls and featured a granary, two large baths, and an administrative building. Numerous artefacts were discovered at the site, including pottery, stone tools, jewellery, and other objects. These objects were decorated with geometric designs and images of animals, suggesting that art and craftsmanship were important elements of this civilization.
Kot Diji is a great example of how much archaeological information can be gleaned from a single site. It provides a unique insight into the lives and culture of a people who lived over 4000 years ago and gives us a fascinating glimpse into the history of Pakistan.

5) Mehrgarh

Mehrgarh is an ancient archaeological site located in Balochistan, Pakistan. It is believed to be one of the oldest and most important sites in the Indus Valley Civilization and is considered to be one of the earliest sites with evidence of farming and herding. Mehrgarh is situated on a plateau that overlooks the Bolan River and dates back to 7,000 BCE. The artefacts unearthed at the site provide evidence of a well-organized settlement with a sophisticated level of craftsmanship, which suggests that its residents had complex social and political structures.
Archaeological evidence indicates that Mehrgarh was an important centre for trade, craftsmanship, and religious practices. Excavations have uncovered houses, workshops, temples, and fortifications, as well as artefacts such as pottery, jewellery, and figurines. The site also has evidence of animal husbandry and a highly advanced system of irrigation. The most striking find from Mehrgarh is a bronze figurine of a female with a number of piercings.
Mehrgarh is an incredible example of the technological advances made by humans during the Neolithic era. It is also an important historical site that gives us insight into the lives and culture of the people who lived there thousands of years ago. If you ever find yourself in Pakistan, it’s definitely worth taking the time to visit Mehrgarh and take in its history!

6) Lahore Fort

One of the most iconic historical places in Pakistan is the Lahore Fort. Situated on the northwest corner of the Walled City of Lahore, the fort is an architectural marvel. Built-in the 11th century by the Ghaznavids, it has been repeatedly rebuilt and reconstructed over time. In its current form, it is a sprawling complex of buildings and gardens.
At the entrance to the fort stands the Alamgiri Gate, which was built in 1673 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. On the eastern side, the fort is surrounded by a thick brick wall that stands 50 feet high. Inside, visitors can explore several halls and pavilions, including Sheesh Mahal (the Hall of Mirrors), Badshahi Mosque, Diwan-i-Khas (the Hall of Private Audience), and Moti Masjid (the Pearl Mosque).
The Lahore Fort is known as one of the most beautiful historical sites in Pakistan and attracts thousands of visitors every year. With its captivating architecture and fascinating history, it truly deserves its place on this list of must-see historical places in Pakistan.

7) Shalimar Gardens

One of the most beautiful and historically significant places in Pakistan is the Shalimar Gardens. Located in the city of Lahore, the Shalimar Gardens were built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1642. The garden is laid out in four terraces, each with a different theme and design. The first terrace, or Wazir Khan, has lush trees and flowering shrubs; the second terrace, or Farah Baksh, features cascading waterfalls and fountains; the third terrace, or Faiz Baksh, has a large pool surrounded by cypress trees; and the fourth terrace, or Nur Jahan, has spectacular views of the city.
Shalimar Gardens has become a popular tourist attraction, not only for its beauty but also for its historical significance. It was the site of royal gatherings and festivals and was used to entertain foreign dignitaries. In addition, the gardens have been mentioned in many famous works of literature.
The Shalimar Gardens have been preserved as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981. A visit to this site offers visitors a unique glimpse into the history and culture of Pakistan.

8) Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort, located near Jhelum in Pakistan, is a stunning historical fort that is believed to have been built during the reign of the great Afghan king, Sher Shah Suri. The fort was initially designed as a garrison for his troops and was the strongest of its kind during the 16th century. It covers an area of approximately 70 acres and its double walls and bastions are constructed from massive stone blocks.
The fort is renowned for its intricate and well-designed defensive architecture. Its fortifications consist of massive gateways, four polygonal towers, loopholed walls, and a deep ditch. In addition, it includes a series of passageways, platforms, ramps, and stairs which lead to various parts of the fort. Inside, there are several halls, courtyards, and structures including a mosque, hammams, baths, and stables.
Rohtas Fort also has immense historical significance. In 1555, Mughal Emperor Akbar took control of it from the Afghans and used it to protect the region from potential invasions. It later became a place of pilgrimage for Hindus who used to come here to pay homage to their God, Lord Shiva.
Today, Rohtas Fort is one of the most visited historical sites in Pakistan. It is a popular tourist destination and offers visitors a chance to explore its majestic architecture and beautiful views. Visiting this fort is an unforgettable experience and a must-see for anyone interested in Pakistan’s history.

9) Derawar Fort

Derawar Fort, located in the Cholistan Desert of Pakistan, is a remarkable historical place that has been around since the 9th century. It was originally built by Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer and later taken over by the Nawabs of Bahawalpur. This ancient fort stands tall at an impressive height of thirty feet and covers an area of approximately four hundred and fifty meters.
The Derawar Fort is a magnificent sight to behold, with its large walls, towers, gates and bastions. It was once home to a royal family but now it is mostly used as a tourist destination. The surrounding walls contain forty bastions, each of which is 30 meters high. There are four gateways to the fort, each with its own history and culture.
Inside the fort, visitors can explore several mosques and tombs, including the tomb of Bibi Jawindi, which is one of the most important sites in the Cholistan Desert. The unique architecture and rich history of the fort make it a must-visit destination for anyone who is interested in learning more about Pakistan’s past.

10) Bala Hissar Fort

One of the most historically significant places in Pakistan is Bala Hissar Fort. Located in Peshawar, this fort is believed to have been built over 4,000 years ago. It has a rich and varied history, having served as a fortress, a royal residence, and a palace for various rulers throughout the centuries. The fort is comprised of several structures and walls, and it was even used by the British Raj in the late 19th century. Today, it is one of the major tourist attractions in the city and a popular spot for visitors to learn more about the history of Pakistan. If you’re looking to get a glimpse into the past of this amazing country, then be sure to visit Bala Hissar Fort!

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